The Municipal town
of Shimla, the head quarter of the district and summer capital of India during
British regime, is situated on a range of entirely mountainous Middle Himalayas
which forms the last treverse spur of the Central Himalayas, south of the River
Satluj. Geographically, Shimla lies at 30° 6’ North latitude and 77° 11’ East
longitude, and its mean elevation is 2397.59m above msl. The existing town
resembles an irregular crescent with an 9.2 km extension from one end to the
other, covering a total area of 19.55 sq.km. Shimla town is situated in a
seismic belt (Seismic Zone IV) as per IS-1893.
The eastern portion of the town is Chotta
Shimla while the extreme western side is called Boileauganj. An outlying
northern spur running at right angles to the main ridge is Elysium Hill. Five
and half kilometers from the western end of the station is outlying hills of
This town is spread
over seven hill spurs. The average elevation above mean sea level and the name
of the spurs are given below.
SPURS & THEIR MEAN ELEVATION
These spurs are interconnected by roads. The
important character of the road network circumscribing these hills is that it
is connected to the Mall road from Boileauganj to Chotta Shimla.