Shimla Municipal Corporation is one of the oldest
municipalities of India and dates back to 1851. This was the first municipality
in pre-Independence Punjab.
Today, the Shimla Municipal Corporation has three
authorities - the House, the House Committees and the Municipal Commissioner.
The House is the legislative wing and consists of
Councillors who are directly elected by the people. The House also has a few
nominated persons with knowledge or experience of municipal administration. The
House is headed by a Mayor and assisted by a Deputy Mayor.
The House Committees are created to facilitate the
working of the House.
The Municipal Commissioner is the administrative
head of the Corporation. All executive and administrative powers for the
purpose of carrying out day to day functions are vested in the Commissioner.
The Commissioner is appointed by the State Government for a designated period
of time and is assisted by a Joint or Assistant Commissioner who is also
appointed by the State Government to head the administrative staff of the
municipal corporation, implement the decisions of the corporation, and prepare
its annual budget.
The Municipal Corporation carries out its functions
through its well-organised divisions or departments, which are headed by the
The elected body of Shimla Municipal Corporation
has 39 councillors of which 34 are elected, while 5 are nominated by the
Government of Himachal Pradesh. The tenure of the elected corporation is five
years. Councillors elect the Mayor and Deputy Mayor from amongst themselves for
a tenure of two and half years.
The House, comprising of elected and nominated
Members, takes all policy decisions and meets at least once every month. The
Corporation has several statutory and non-statutory functional committees which
are represented by Councillors. These set out the obligatory and discretionary
functions bestowed upon the Corporation by the 74th CAA. Each committee
consists of not less than three and not more than five Councillors including
the Mayor or Deputy Mayor.